Sunday April 22, 2012. Charlie Stross has a discussion of teleport booths here http://is.gd/0vQzBy
Comment from me on a comment by him: “While this tech collapses all urban areas into one planetary super-city, it’s not going to have much effect on (a) rural areas, (b) suburbs and exurbs, (c) people living in underdeveloped nations outside of cities.”
I grew up in a rural/small town/very small city area which is becoming exurban (Ulster County NY.) I would expect teleportation to boost the economy: better shipping for factories and farms, more people commuting to NYC, more people with summer homes.
Previous changes related to transportation have included: Economic boost from the Delaware & Hudson Canal. Farming took a hit when the Erie Canal opened; NYC markets taken by Midwestern farmers who had the unfair advantage of good soil. (Ulster County has a lot of stone fences, built because farmers had to get rid of the stones…) Cars and buses brought more summer resort customers. Later, relatively cheap airfares helped Florida grab much of the summer resort business.
Some other factors: 1) Housing is considerably cheaper than in NYC; about equal to costs in the Twin Cities area. 2) There’s a long-established artist colony in Woodstock; and newer ones established by artists who’ve been priced out of Woodstock.